Category: University Level Guides

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Chromatography: A Concise Guide

Chromatography techniques are widely used, with the bulk of them being variations of liquid and gas chromatography. As a scientist, it is important to know the tools for analysis available, and how to apply them to your research. This guide...

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Ozone Chemistry in the Stratosphere

In 1985, British scientists Joe Farman, Jon Shanklin and Brian Gardiner reported that a growing ozone hole was present in the stratosphere above the South pole. This discovery directly led to the Montreal protocol, resulting in worldwide bans of ozone-depleting...

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An Introductory Guide to Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM)

High-powered microscopy techniques enable scientists to visualize samples to learn about their surface structure. Some techniques focus on capturing physical images, whereas others scan the surface of a material by measuring the interactions between a probe and the surface. Atomic...

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Basics of Ion Exchange

A simple yet extremely versatile tool, ion exchange systems are used to separate specific ions across a wide range of processes: synthesis, research, mining, even agriculture. Whether you’re a biochemist who needs some precious protein purified or an engineer looking...